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Home > Art by Era > 19th Century Art > Romanticism Art

Romanticism Art

Romanticism is an art movement that was developed by some of the greatest artists in the late 18th century. How long it lasted and what makes up the characteristics of this art category is highly debated by enthusiasts and critics because of the diverse styles and subjects that Romantic artists used in their work. Romanticism can be defined loosely as a pulling away of artists from the calm logic of neoclassical art and focusing on the emotional and primal qualities available in their mediums, which drew heavily from the untamed qualities in nature and within mankind. However, the term 'Romantic' may be misleading, because Romantic framed art isn't very concerned with love or romance like the Rococo artists were.

Romanticism Artwork

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Flowers
by Eugene Delacroix
24" x 18"
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Beach with figures and a jetty. c.1830
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 18"
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The Hay Wain, 1821
by John Constable
24" x 18"
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Saturn Devouring one of his Children, 1821-23
by Francisco De Goya
18" x 24"
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Bouquet
by Eugene Delacroix
18" x 13"
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Blue Boy
by Thomas Gainsborough
22" x 28"
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The Witches' Sabbath
by Francisco De Goya
18" x 24"
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The Cornfield, 1826
by John Constable
18" x 24"
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The Fighting Temeraire
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 18"
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God Creating the Universe
by William Blake
18" x 24"
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Bust of a Black Man Wearing a Turban, 1826
by Eugene Delacroix
15" x 19"
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Frederic Chopin, 1810-1849
by Eugene Delacroix
20" x 24"
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Toparis With Love
by Emile Vernon
24" x 35"
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The Witches' Sabbath (panel)
by Francisco De Goya
24" x 18"
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Muley Abd-ar-Rhaman  The Sultan of Morocco
by Eugene Delacroix
18" x 24"
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Dido building Carthage
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 18"
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A Poison Tree, from Songs of Experience
by William Blake
18" x 24"
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The Naked Maja, c.1800
by Francisco De Goya
24" x 18"
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Jacob's Ladder
by William Blake
18" x 24"
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View of Highgate from Hampstead Heath, c.1834
by John Constable
24" x 18"
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Wreck of a Transport Ship
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 18"
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The Tyger, from Songs of Innocence
by William Blake
18" x 24"
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Salisbury Cathedral From the Meadows, 1831
by John Constable
24" x 18"
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Liberty Leading the People, 1830
by Eugene Delacroix
20" x 16"
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A Young Tiger Playing with its Mother, 1830
by Eugene Delacroix
24" x 16"
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Rain Steam and Speed
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 18"
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Billiard players at Petworth House, 1830
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 18"
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Last Judgement
by William Blake
18" x 24"
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Estuary of the Thames and the Medway
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 15"
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Petworth, Sussex
by J.M.W. Turner
24" x 18"
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In the Roman Baths, or Roman Women In The Bath, 1876
by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema
18" x 24"
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Girl With A Poppy
by Emile Vernon
24" x 31"
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Study of a recumbent male nude
by John Constable
24" x 18"
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The Women of Algiers in their Apartment, 1834
by Eugene Delacroix
24" x 18"
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Springtime / Le Printemps
by Pierre-Auguste Cot
12" x 20"
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Instead they were focused on a wide range of emotion within their art and depicting attitudes of glorification and passion. Using artistic techniques, these artists enjoyed depicting the emotional range of awe, terror, loneliness, greed, and innocence.

Another idea of Romantic art that differed from neoclassical views was the inability of mankind to overcome sublime forces of nature. Floods, thunderstorms, blizzards, and nearly every other natural catastrophe are depicted in Romantic art. The imagination and dramatic flair that these artists used in their works was not only startling at the time but has also formed lasting impressions on their audiences. Influential artists who used these naturally dramatic states included Caspar David Friedrich and Francisco Goya, whose heavily detailed, emotive works produced reactions ranging from fierce rebellion to quiet horror.

Romantic art was also used to portray the political events of the time. One of the most famous paintings of this time period, 'Liberty Leading the People' by Eugene Delacroix was one such work, and commented on the July Revolution of 1830. Another artist, Theodore Gericault used his influential work, 'The Raft of the Medusa' as a depiction of the suffering and tragedy of the wrecked frigate, Meduse, a few years earlier. These events caused emotion in their audiences then and lives on now in the hearts and minds of millions today.
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